ABS Accountancy

Frequently Asked Questions? (FAQS)

Below are a list of answers to some of the FAQS we get asked the most (click on the heading to see the answer). If your question isn’t here, just drop us a message, and we’ll get back to you with an answer

If you are just looking for assistance with your tax returns – then that is what we will do. But we will also put reminders in place for you so that next year we can ensure we gather the information in plenty of time.

Or if you have a company that you want to have more time to focus on, then we can work through your accounting processes and provide a package of services designed with your company in minds such as financial planning, advice, auditing, record-keeping, business structure advice, cost and pricing analysis, taxation, cash flow management, payroll and government compliance.

Yes. The SAYE option plan and the SIP can only be used if the shares or options under them are to be awarded to all employees except those who have yet to complete a probation period of up to 18 months for a SIP and up to 5 years for a SAYE option.

ABS Accountancy works with various providers of bookkeeping, accounting systems.

From hard wired internally hosted systems, to cloud based systems accessible from anywhere and on any device in the world. We will advise you on practical solutions for your organisation and support its implementation.

  • Bookkeeping & reporting
  • Tax & VAT Compliance
  • Advisory

Normally VAT registered businesses cannot reclaim VAT on the purchase, acquisition or importation of motor cars. They are subject to what is known as an input tax block.

The block not only applies to outright purchase but also to any purchase under a hire purchase or similar agreement whereby ownership of the car eventually passes e.g. a lease purchase agreement.

However, VAT may be reclaimable in the following special cases:

  • car leasing business;
  • pool cars, subject to stringent conditions;
  • cars unsuitable for private use, such as marked emergency vehicles;
  • Stock for resale by motor dealers and manufacturers;
  • Cars acquired for the purposes of a car-related trade (mini cabs, self-drive hire, driving instruction);
  • Vehicles not regarded as motor cars:
  •  ambulances, caravans, prison vans, hearses and other vehicles constructed for
  •  a specific purpose which does not include the carriage of people;
  •  those with space only for the driver;
  • vehicles with capacity for 12 or more passengers;
  • those weighing at least 3 tonnes when unladen;
  • vehicles which can carry a payload of at least 1 tonne.

Input tax deduction by the hirer of a leased car under a lease hire agreement is restricted to 50%. The vehicle must be used for business purposes in order to qualify for that 50% recovery.

If you are considering buying a double cab pick-up, car-derived van or combination van, it is worth seeking advice to see if they are excluded from the definition of a car for VAT purposes.

First of all, find out what you really need to know – key drivers and performance indicators – and then put in place and develop the system to produce and monitor these on a regular basis.

We can help you to identify the information you need to know and methods of reporting on it – to the very best effect!

Under the UK legislation, for a dismissal to be fair, you need to have a fair reason for dismissal and follow a fair process in dismissing the employee.
The five fair reasons for dismissal are:

  • Misconduct
  • Poor performance
  • Redundancy
  • Contravention of a statutory duty (e.g. expired visa)
  • Some other substantial reason (SOSR)

The fair procedure will be slightly different in each of the five scenarios. In a misconduct case, you would have to fully investigate the allegations before convening a disciplinary hearing at which the employee is allowed to be accompanied. In a redundancy scenario, you must consult with the employees as soon as possible and offer suitable alternative employment if available.
If you are not confident in running these processes, it is always best to seek advice or external support.

There are two rates of Corporation Tax, depending on the company or organisation’s taxable profits:

  • the lower rate – known as the ‘small profits’ rate; and
  • the upper rate – known as the ‘full’ rate or ‘main’ rate.

There is also a sliding scale between the lower and upper rates known as ‘Marginal Relief’: if the company or organisation’s profits are over the lower rate but less than the main rate, the effective rate of Corporation Tax it pays rises gradually from the lower rate to the higher rate depending on its taxable profit.

To illustrate the effect of Marginal Relief, where a company has taxable profits of £500,000 in the Financial Year 2012 (and no associated companies – see below), its tax liability is calculated as follows:

£500,000 @ 25%                       £125,000
minus 1/80 of £1,000,000*        (£12,500)
Tax payable                               £112,500

* £1,000,000 is the difference between the upper limit and the profit.

However, if a company has associated companies, the limits noted above are reduced by dividing them by the number of companies that are associated. Broadly speaking, a company is an ‘associated company’ of another company if one of the two has control of the other, or both are under the control of the same person or persons.

Under the Insurance, subscribing clients will be fully protected and the practice will claim under our own insurance policy for up to £100,000 of professional costs, in the following circumstances:

  • A HMRC enquiry into a personal or business tax return
  • A HMRC enquiry into any business accounts, including those of sole traders, partnerships and limited companies.
  • A dispute with HMRC where additional VAT is being pursued
  • A dispute with HMRC where additional PAYE tax or National Insurance Contributions is being pursued
  • A dispute with HMRC relating to the tax status of employees or subcontractors

All consultations with our Accountants are ‘jargon free’. They will explain your options in plain language to make all the benefits and implications as clear as possible.

We don’t want our clients to have any concern about our service, our charges or our delivery timescales. We work very hard to provide, what we hope is a perfect service. So much so that we offer you the following guarantees:

  • Fixed fee agreed in advance
  • Delivery date agreed in advance
  • Response to phone calls and emails within one working day
  • A named accountant to look after you
  • Newsletters, briefings and advice to keep you ahead of the game
  • In our office or your office or home, we are available to help and advise

ABS Accountancy is an established firm of Accountants & Tax Advisors with a history that spans more than thirteen years.

Like most other business owners, you are strapped for time. Please get in touch with us, and we will be more than happy to assist you with this.

The answer is simple. All of us here at ABS Accountancy work hard to deliver the best possible service to our clients. We provide the highest quality advisory services and our relationship with our clients is based on trust, integrity and open communication. We stay up to date on tax laws and associated legislation and ensure you receive all of the tax benefits possible for your circumstances.

You should choose us because we can help you:

  • select the most appropriate structure for your business (if you are a start-up or a contractor);
  • identify goals and developing strategies to achieve them;
  • plan for change and adapt for survival and growth;
  • maintain an independent view of your business situation;
  • keep up to date with government legislation;
  • improve business through optimum financial manag

While we serve clients across various industries, ABS Accountancy has particular expertise in sectors such as catering, hairdressers, tradesmen, and landlords.

Our fees vary depending on the complexity of the work and the specific services required. ABS Accountancy provides transparent pricing structures and will discuss fees with you before commencing any work.

While accounting software can handle many routine tasks like bookkeeping, invoicing, and basic financial reporting, having an accountant provides additional value through expert advice, strategic financial planning, tax optimisation, and compliance with complex regulations.  An accountant can offer personalised insights, identify potential issues, and help you make informed decisions to grow your business.  Therefore, even with robust accounting software, an accountant’s expertise can be invaluable for comprehensive financial management and strategic guidance.

Find out how ABS Accountancy can help you